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中国葡萄酒的起源、种类

浏览次数:次信息来源:泰安市岱岳区盛大金源酿酒设备厂发布时间:2014-01-04

酿酒设备-中国葡萄酒的起源:

YIJIUYIWUNIAN,ZHANGBISHILVLING“ZHONGGUOSHIYEKAOCHATUAN”FUMEIGUOKAOCHA,SHIFENGJIUJINSHANGEJIESHENGHUI,QINGZHUBANAMAYUNHEKAITONG,JUBANGUOJISHANGPINDASAI。ZHANGJIUBASUISHENXIEDAIDE“KEYABAILANDI”、“MEIGUIXIANGHONGPUTAOJIU”、“QIONGYAOJIANG”DENGSONGQUZHANLANHEPINGBI,JUNHUODEYOUSHENG。HOULAI,“KEYABAILANDI”GAIWEI“JINJIANGBAILANDI”,YIZHIYANYONG。

《SHIJI·DAWANLIECHUAN》:XIHANJIANYUANSANNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN138NIAN)ZHANGQIANFENGHANWUDIZHIMING,CHUSHIXIYU,KANDAO“WANZUOYOUYIPUTAOWEIJIU,FURENZANGJIUWANYUSHI,JIUZHESHUSHISUIBUBAI”。SUIHOU,“HANSHIQUQISHILAI,YUSHITIANZISHIZHONGMUXU、PUTAO,FEIJIAODI……”KEZHIXIHANZHONGQI,ZHONGYUANDIQUDENONGMINYIDEZHIPUTAOKEYINIANGJIU,BINGJIANGOUYAZHONGPUTAOYINJINZHONGYUANLE。

TAMENZAIYINJINPUTAODETONGSHI,HAIZHAOLAILENIANGJIUYIREN,ZIXIHANSHI,ZHONGGUOYOULEXIFANGZHIFADEPUTAOJIUREN。SANGUOSHIQIDEWEIWENDICAOPISHUOGUO:“QIESHUOPUTAO,ZUIJIUSUXING。YANLUERSHI;GANERBUJUAN,CUIERBUCI,LENGERBUHAN,WEIZHANGZHIDUO,CHUFANJIEKE。YOUNIANGYIWEIJIU,GANYUQUMI,SHANZUIERYIXING……”,ZHEIYIDUIPUTAOHEPUTAOJIUDETEXINGRENSHIDEFEICHANGQINGCHULE。ZHISHIPUTAOJIUJINXIANYUZAIGUIZUZHONGYINYONG,PINGMINBAIXINGSHIJUEWUCIKOUFUDE。

TANGCHAOZHENGUANSHISINIAN(GONGYUAN640NIAN),TANGTAIZONGMINGJIAOHEDAOXINGJUNDAZONGGUANHOUJUNJILVBINGPINGDINGGAOCHANG。GAOCHANGLILAISHENGCHANPUTAO,ZAINANBEICHAOSHI,JIUXIANGLIANGCHAOJINGONGPUTAO。《BANFUYUANGUI JUAN970》JIZAI“JIPOGAOCHANGSHOUMARUPUTAO,SHIWUYUANZHONGZHONGZHI,BINGDEQIJIUFA,DIZISUNYIZAOJIUCHENG,FANYOUBASE,FANGXINKULIE,JIBANCIQUNCHEN,JINGSHISHISHIQIWEI”。

JITANGCHAOPOLEGAOCHANGGUOHOU,SHOUJIDAOMARUPUTAOFANGDAOYUANZHONG,BINGQIEDEDAOLENIANGJIUDEJISHU,TANGTAIZONGBAJISHUZILIAOZUOLEXIUGAIHOUNIANGCHULEFANGXIANGKULIEDEPUTAOJIU,HEDACHENMENGONGTONGPINCHANG。ZHEISHISHISHU**CIMINGQUEJIZAINEIDIYONGXIYUCHUANLAIDEFANGFANIANGZAOPUTAOJIUDEDANGAN,ZHANGANCHENGDONGZHIQUJIANGYIDAI,JUYOUHUJISHIJIUZHISI,CHUSHOUXIYUTECHANPUTAOJIU。

种类:葡萄酒的品种很多,因葡萄的栽培、葡萄酒生产工艺条件的不同,产品风格各不相同。
以成品颜色来说,可分为红葡萄酒、白葡萄酒及粉红葡萄酒三类。其中红葡萄酒又可细分为干红葡萄酒、半干红葡萄酒、半甜红葡萄酒和甜红葡萄酒。白葡萄酒则细分为干白葡萄酒、半干白葡萄酒、半甜白葡萄酒和甜白葡萄酒。以酿造方式来说,可以分为葡萄酒、气泡葡萄酒、加烈葡萄酒和加味葡萄酒四类。

YIBANANJIUDEYANSESHENQIAN、HANTANGLIANGDUOSHAO、HANBUHANERYANGHUATANJICAIYONGDENIANGZAOFANGFALAIFENLEI,GUOWAIYEYOUCAIYONGYICHANDI、YUANLIAOMINGCHENGLAIFENLEIDE。ANZHAOGUOJIPUTAOJIUZUZHIDEGUIDING,PUTAOJIUZHINENGSHIPOSUIHUOWEIPOSUIDEXINXIANPUTAOGUOSHIHUOZHIWANQUANHUOBUFENJIUJINGFAJIAOHOUHUODEDEYINLIAO,QIJIUJINGDUYIBANZAI8.5°DAO16.2°ZHIJIAN;ANZHAOWOGUO**XINDEPUTAOJIUBIAOZHUNGB15037-2006GUIDING,PUTAOJIUSHIYIXIANPUTAOHUOPUTAOZHIWEIYUANLIAO,JINGQUANBUHUOBUFENFAJIAONIANGZHIERCHENGDE,JIUJINGDUBUDIYU7.0%DEJIUJINGYINPIN。

按酒的颜色:
1.白葡萄酒:用白葡萄或皮红肉白的葡萄分离发酵制成。酒的颜色微黄带绿,近似无色或浅黄、禾秆黄、金黄。凡深黄、土黄、棕黄或褐黄等色,均不符合白葡萄酒的色泽要求。
2.红葡萄酒:采用皮红肉白或皮肉皆红的葡萄经葡萄皮和汁混合发酵而成。酒色呈自然深宝石红、宝石红、紫红或石榴红,凡黄褐、棕褐或土褐颜色,均不符合红葡萄酒的色泽要求。
3.桃红葡萄酒:用带色的红葡萄带皮发酵或分离发酵制成。酒色为淡红、桃红、橘红或玫瑰色。凡色泽过深或过浅均不符合桃红葡萄酒的要求。这一类葡萄酒在风味上具有新鲜感和明显的果香,含单宁不宜太高。玫瑰香葡萄、黑比诺、佳利酿、法国蓝等品种都适合酿制桃红葡萄酒。另红、白葡萄酒按一定比例勾兑也可算是桃红葡萄酒。

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